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com/itextpdf/text/pdf/SimpleBookmark.java
/*
 * $Id: SimpleBookmark.java 4936 2011-08-12 09:23:01Z blowagie $
 *
 * This file is part of the iText (R) project.
 * Copyright (c) 1998-2011 1T3XT BVBA
 * Authors: Bruno Lowagie, Paulo Soares, et al.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License version 3
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation with the addition of the
 * following permission added to Section 15 as permitted in Section 7(a):
 * FOR ANY PART OF THE COVERED WORK IN WHICH THE COPYRIGHT IS OWNED BY 1T3XT,
 * 1T3XT DISCLAIMS THE WARRANTY OF NON INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTY RIGHTS.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
 * or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
 * See the GNU Affero General Public License for more details.
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses or write to
 * the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
 * Boston, MA, 02110-1301 USA, or download the license from the following URL:
 * http://itextpdf.com/terms-of-use/
 *
 * The interactive user interfaces in modified source and object code versions
 * of this program must display Appropriate Legal Notices, as required under
 * Section 5 of the GNU Affero General Public License.
 *
 * In accordance with Section 7(b) of the GNU Affero General Public License,
 * a covered work must retain the producer line in every PDF that is created
 * or manipulated using iText.
 *
 * You can be released from the requirements of the license by purchasing
 * a commercial license. Buying such a license is mandatory as soon as you
 * develop commercial activities involving the iText software without
 * disclosing the source code of your own applications.
 * These activities include: offering paid services to customers as an ASP,
 * serving PDFs on the fly in a web application, shipping iText with a closed
 * source product.
 *
 * For more information, please contact iText Software Corp. at this
 * address: [email protected]
 */
package com.itextpdf.text.pdf;

import java.io.BufferedWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.io.Writer;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Stack;
import java.util.StringTokenizer;

import com.itextpdf.text.error_messages.MessageLocalization;
import com.itextpdf.text.xml.simpleparser.IanaEncodings;
import com.itextpdf.text.xml.simpleparser.SimpleXMLDocHandler;
import com.itextpdf.text.xml.simpleparser.SimpleXMLParser;
/**
 * Bookmark processing in a simple way. It has some limitations, mainly the only
 * action types supported are GoTo, GoToR, URI and Launch.
 <p>
 * The list structure is composed by a number of HashMap, keyed by strings, one HashMap
 * for each bookmark.
 * The element values are all strings with the exception of the key "Kids" that has
 * another list for the child bookmarks.
 <p>
 * All the bookmarks have a "Title" with the
 * bookmark title and optionally a "Style" that can be "bold", "italic" or a
 * combination of both. They can also have a "Color" key with a value of three
 * floats with values in the range 0.0 to 1.0 separated by spaces.
 * The key "Open" can have the values "true" or "false" and
 * signals the open status of the children. It's "true" by default.
 <p>
 * The actions and the parameters can be:
 <ul>
 <li>"Action" = "GoTo" - "Page" | "Named"
 <ul>
 <li>"Page" = "3 XYZ 70 400 null" - page number followed by a destination (/XYZ is also accepted)
 <li>"Named" = "named_destination"
 </ul>
 <li>"Action" = "GoToR" - "Page" | "Named" | "NamedN", "File", ["NewWindow"]
 <ul>
 <li>"Page" = "3 XYZ 70 400 null" - page number followed by a destination (/XYZ is also accepted)
 <li>"Named" = "named_destination_as_a_string"
 <li>"NamedN" = "named_destination_as_a_name"
 <li>"File" - "the_file_to_open"
 <li>"NewWindow" - "true" or "false"
 </ul>
 <li>"Action" = "URI" - "URI"
 <ul>
 <li>"URI" = "http://sf.net" - URI to jump to
 </ul>
 <li>"Action" = "Launch" - "File"
 <ul>
 <li>"File" - "the_file_to_open_or_execute"
 </ul>
 @author Paulo Soares
 */
public final class SimpleBookmark implements SimpleXMLDocHandler {

    private ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> topList;
    private final Stack<HashMap<String, Object>> attr = new Stack<HashMap<String, Object>>();

    /** Creates a new instance of SimpleBookmark */
    private SimpleBookmark() {
    }

    private static List<HashMap<String, Object>> bookmarkDepth(PdfReader reader, PdfDictionary outline, IntHashtable pages) {
        ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> list = new ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>>();
        while (outline != null) {
            HashMap<String, Object> map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
            PdfString title = (PdfString)PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(outline.get(PdfName.TITLE));
            map.put("Title", title.toUnicodeString());
            PdfArray color = (PdfArray)PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(outline.get(PdfName.C));
            if (color != null && color.size() == 3) {
                ByteBuffer out = new ByteBuffer();
                out.append(color.getAsNumber(0).floatValue()).append(' ');
                out.append(color.getAsNumber(1).floatValue()).append(' ');
                out.append(color.getAsNumber(2).floatValue());
                map.put("Color", PdfEncodings.convertToString(out.toByteArray()null));
            }
            PdfNumber style = (PdfNumber)PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(outline.get(PdfName.F));
            if (style != null) {
                int f = style.intValue();
                String s = "";
                if ((f & 1!= 0)
                    s += "italic ";
                if ((f & 2!= 0)
                    s += "bold ";
                s = s.trim();
                if (s.length() != 0)
                    map.put("Style", s);
            }
            PdfNumber count = (PdfNumber)PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(outline.get(PdfName.COUNT));
            if (count != null && count.intValue() 0)
                map.put("Open""false");
            try {
                PdfObject dest = PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(outline.get(PdfName.DEST));
                if (dest != null) {
                    mapGotoBookmark(map, dest, pages)//changed by ujihara 2004-06-13
                }
                else {
                    PdfDictionary action = (PdfDictionary)PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(outline.get(PdfName.A));
                    if (action != null) {
                        if (PdfName.GOTO.equals(PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(action.get(PdfName.S)))) {
                            dest = PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(action.get(PdfName.D));
                            if (dest != null) {
                                mapGotoBookmark(map, dest, pages);
                            }
                        }
                        else if (PdfName.URI.equals(PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(action.get(PdfName.S)))) {
                            map.put("Action""URI");
                            map.put("URI"((PdfString)PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(action.get(PdfName.URI))).toUnicodeString());
                        }
                        else if (PdfName.GOTOR.equals(PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(action.get(PdfName.S)))) {
                            dest = PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(action.get(PdfName.D));
                            if (dest != null) {
                                if (dest.isString())
                                    map.put("Named", dest.toString());
                                else if (dest.isName())
                                    map.put("NamedN", PdfName.decodeName(dest.toString()));
                                else if (dest.isArray()) {
                                    PdfArray arr = (PdfArray)dest;
                                    StringBuffer s = new StringBuffer();
                                    s.append(arr.getPdfObject(0).toString());
                                    s.append(' ').append(arr.getPdfObject(1).toString());
                                    for (int k = 2; k < arr.size(); ++k)
                                        s.append(' ').append(arr.getPdfObject(k).toString());
                                    map.put("Page", s.toString());
                                }
                            }
                            map.put("Action""GoToR");
                            PdfObject file = PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(action.get(PdfName.F));
                            if (file != null) {
                                if (file.isString())
                                    map.put("File"((PdfString)file).toUnicodeString());
                                else if (file.isDictionary()) {
                                    file = PdfReader.getPdfObject(((PdfDictionary)file).get(PdfName.F));
                                    if (file.isString())
                                        map.put("File"((PdfString)file).toUnicodeString());
                                }
                            }
                            PdfObject newWindow = PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(action.get(PdfName.NEWWINDOW));
                            if (newWindow != null)
                                map.put("NewWindow", newWindow.toString());
                        }
                        else if (PdfName.LAUNCH.equals(PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(action.get(PdfName.S)))) {
                            map.put("Action""Launch");
                            PdfObject file = PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(action.get(PdfName.F));
                            if (file == null)
                                file = PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(action.get(PdfName.WIN));
                            if (file != null) {
                                if (file.isString())
                                    map.put("File"((PdfString)file).toUnicodeString());
                                else if (file.isDictionary()) {
                                    file = PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(((PdfDictionary)file).get(PdfName.F));
                                    if (file.isString())
                                        map.put("File"((PdfString)file).toUnicodeString());
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception e) {
                //empty on purpose
            }
            PdfDictionary first = (PdfDictionary)PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(outline.get(PdfName.FIRST));
            if (first != null) {
                map.put("Kids", bookmarkDepth(reader, first, pages));
            }
            list.add(map);
            outline = (PdfDictionary)PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(outline.get(PdfName.NEXT));
        }
        return list;
    }

  private static void mapGotoBookmark(HashMap<String, Object> map, PdfObject dest, IntHashtable pages)
  {
    if (dest.isString())
      map.put("Named", dest.toString());
    else if (dest.isName())
      map.put("Named", PdfName.decodeName(dest.toString()));
    else if (dest.isArray())
      map.put("Page", makeBookmarkParam((PdfArray)dest, pages))//changed by ujihara 2004-06-13
    map.put("Action""GoTo");
  }

  private static String makeBookmarkParam(PdfArray dest, IntHashtable pages)
  {
    StringBuffer s = new StringBuffer();
    PdfObject obj = dest.getPdfObject(0);
        if (obj.isNumber())
            s.append(((PdfNumber)obj).intValue() 1);
        else
            s.append(pages.get(getNumber((PdfIndirectReference)obj)))//changed by ujihara 2004-06-13
    s.append(' ').append(dest.getPdfObject(1).toString().substring(1));
    for (int k = 2; k < dest.size(); ++k)
      s.append(' ').append(dest.getPdfObject(k).toString());
    return s.toString();
  }

  /**
   * Gets number of indirect. If type of directed indirect is PAGES, it refers PAGE object through KIDS.
   * (Contributed by Kazuya Ujihara)
   @param indirect
   * 2004-06-13
   */
  private static int getNumber(PdfIndirectReference indirect)
  {
    PdfDictionary pdfObj = (PdfDictionary)PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(indirect);
    if (pdfObj.contains(PdfName.TYPE&& pdfObj.get(PdfName.TYPE).equals(PdfName.PAGES&& pdfObj.contains(PdfName.KIDS))
    {
      PdfArray kids = (PdfArray)pdfObj.get(PdfName.KIDS);
      indirect = (PdfIndirectReference)kids.getPdfObject(0);
    }
    return indirect.getNumber();
  }

    /**
     * Gets a <CODE>List</CODE> with the bookmarks. It returns <CODE>null</CODE> if
     * the document doesn't have any bookmarks.
     @param reader the document
     @return <CODE>List</CODE> with the bookmarks or <CODE>null</CODE> if the
     * document doesn't have any
     */
    public static List<HashMap<String, Object>> getBookmark(PdfReader reader) {
        PdfDictionary catalog = reader.getCatalog();
        PdfObject obj = PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(catalog.get(PdfName.OUTLINES));
        if (obj == null || !obj.isDictionary())
            return null;
        PdfDictionary outlines = (PdfDictionary)obj;
        IntHashtable pages = new IntHashtable();
        int numPages = reader.getNumberOfPages();
        for (int k = 1; k <= numPages; ++k) {
            pages.put(reader.getPageOrigRef(k).getNumber(), k);
            reader.releasePage(k);
        }
        return bookmarkDepth(reader, (PdfDictionary)PdfReader.getPdfObjectRelease(outlines.get(PdfName.FIRST)), pages);
    }

    /**
     * Removes the bookmark entries for a number of page ranges. The page ranges
     * consists of a number of pairs with the start/end page range. The page numbers
     * are inclusive.
     @param list the bookmarks
     @param pageRange the page ranges, always in pairs.
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public static void eliminatePages(List<HashMap<String, Object>> list, int pageRange[]) {
        if (list == null)
            return;
        for (Iterator<HashMap<String, Object>> it = list.listIterator(); it.hasNext();) {
            HashMap<String, Object> map = it.next();
            boolean hit = false;
            if ("GoTo".equals(map.get("Action"))) {
                String page = (String)map.get("Page");
                if (page != null) {
                    page = page.trim();
                    int idx = page.indexOf(' ');
                    int pageNum;
                    if (idx < 0)
                        pageNum = Integer.parseInt(page);
                    else
                        pageNum = Integer.parseInt(page.substring(0, idx));
                    int len = pageRange.length & 0xfffffffe;
                    for (int k = 0; k < len; k += 2) {
                        if (pageNum >= pageRange[k&& pageNum <= pageRange[k + 1]) {
                            hit = true;
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            List<HashMap<String, Object>> kids = (List<HashMap<String, Object>>)map.get("Kids");
            if (kids != null) {
                eliminatePages(kids, pageRange);
                if (kids.isEmpty()) {
                    map.remove("Kids");
                    kids = null;
                }
            }
            if (hit) {
                if (kids == null)
                    it.remove();
                else {
                    map.remove("Action");
                    map.remove("Page");
                    map.remove("Named");
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * For the pages in range add the <CODE>pageShift</CODE> to the page number.
     * The page ranges
     * consists of a number of pairs with the start/end page range. The page numbers
     * are inclusive.
     @param list the bookmarks
     @param pageShift the number to add to the pages in range
     @param pageRange the page ranges, always in pairs. It can be <CODE>null</CODE>
     * to include all the pages
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public static void shiftPageNumbers(List<HashMap<String, Object>> list, int pageShift, int pageRange[]) {
        if (list == null)
            return;
        for (Iterator<HashMap<String, Object>> it = list.listIterator(); it.hasNext();) {
            HashMap<String, Object> map = it.next();
            if ("GoTo".equals(map.get("Action"))) {
                String page = (String)map.get("Page");
                if (page != null) {
                    page = page.trim();
                    int idx = page.indexOf(' ');
                    int pageNum;
                    if (idx < 0)
                        pageNum = Integer.parseInt(page);
                    else
                        pageNum = Integer.parseInt(page.substring(0, idx));
                    boolean hit = false;
                    if (pageRange == null)
                        hit = true;
                    else {
                        int len = pageRange.length & 0xfffffffe;
                        for (int k = 0; k < len; k += 2) {
                            if (pageNum >= pageRange[k&& pageNum <= pageRange[k + 1]) {
                                hit = true;
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    if (hit) {
                        if (idx < 0)
                            page = Integer.toString(pageNum + pageShift);
                        else
                            page = pageNum + pageShift + page.substring(idx);
                    }
                    map.put("Page", page);
                }
            }
            List<HashMap<String, Object>> kids = (List<HashMap<String, Object>>)map.get("Kids");
            if (kids != null)
                shiftPageNumbers(kids, pageShift, pageRange);
        }
    }

    static void createOutlineAction(PdfDictionary outline, HashMap<String, Object> map, PdfWriter writer, boolean namedAsNames) {
        try {
            String action = (String)map.get("Action");
            if ("GoTo".equals(action)) {
                String p;
                if ((p = (String)map.get("Named")) != null) {
                    if (namedAsNames)
                        outline.put(PdfName.DEST, new PdfName(p));
                    else
                        outline.put(PdfName.DEST, new PdfString(p, null));
                }
                else if ((p = (String)map.get("Page")) != null) {
                    PdfArray ar = new PdfArray();
                    StringTokenizer tk = new StringTokenizer(p);
                    int n = Integer.parseInt(tk.nextToken());
                    ar.add(writer.getPageReference(n));
                    if (!tk.hasMoreTokens()) {
                        ar.add(PdfName.XYZ);
                        ar.add(new float[]{0100000});
                    }
                    else {
                        String fn = tk.nextToken();
                        if (fn.startsWith("/"))
                            fn = fn.substring(1);
                        ar.add(new PdfName(fn));
                        for (int k = 0; k < && tk.hasMoreTokens(); ++k) {
                            fn = tk.nextToken();
                            if (fn.equals("null"))
                                ar.add(PdfNull.PDFNULL);
                            else
                                ar.add(new PdfNumber(fn));
                        }
                    }
                    outline.put(PdfName.DEST, ar);
                }
            }
            else if ("GoToR".equals(action)) {
                String p;
                PdfDictionary dic = new PdfDictionary();
                if ((p = (String)map.get("Named")) != null)
                    dic.put(PdfName.D, new PdfString(p, null));
                else if ((p = (String)map.get("NamedN")) != null)
                    dic.put(PdfName.D, new PdfName(p));
                else if ((p = (String)map.get("Page")) != null){
                    PdfArray ar = new PdfArray();
                    StringTokenizer tk = new StringTokenizer(p);
                    ar.add(new PdfNumber(tk.nextToken()));
                    if (!tk.hasMoreTokens()) {
                        ar.add(PdfName.XYZ);
                        ar.add(new float[]{0100000});
                    }
                    else {
                        String fn = tk.nextToken();
                        if (fn.startsWith("/"))
                            fn = fn.substring(1);
                        ar.add(new PdfName(fn));
                        for (int k = 0; k < && tk.hasMoreTokens(); ++k) {
                            fn = tk.nextToken();
                            if (fn.equals("null"))
                                ar.add(PdfNull.PDFNULL);
                            else
                                ar.add(new PdfNumber(fn));
                        }
                    }
                    dic.put(PdfName.D, ar);
                }
                String file = (String)map.get("File");
                if (dic.size() && file != null) {
                    dic.put(PdfName.S,  PdfName.GOTOR);
                    dic.put(PdfName.F, new PdfString(file));
                    String nw = (String)map.get("NewWindow");
                    if (nw != null) {
                        if (nw.equals("true"))
                            dic.put(PdfName.NEWWINDOW, PdfBoolean.PDFTRUE);
                        else if (nw.equals("false"))
                            dic.put(PdfName.NEWWINDOW, PdfBoolean.PDFFALSE);
                    }
                    outline.put(PdfName.A, dic);
                }
            }
            else if ("URI".equals(action)) {
                String uri = (String)map.get("URI");
                if (uri != null) {
                    PdfDictionary dic = new PdfDictionary();
                    dic.put(PdfName.S, PdfName.URI);
                    dic.put(PdfName.URI, new PdfString(uri));
                    outline.put(PdfName.A, dic);
                }
            }
            else if ("Launch".equals(action)) {
                String file = (String)map.get("File");
                if (file != null) {
                    PdfDictionary dic = new PdfDictionary();
                    dic.put(PdfName.S, PdfName.LAUNCH);
                    dic.put(PdfName.F, new PdfString(file));
                    outline.put(PdfName.A, dic);
                }
            }
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            // empty on purpose
        }
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public static Object[] iterateOutlines(PdfWriter writer, PdfIndirectReference parent, List<HashMap<String, Object>> kids, boolean namedAsNamesthrows IOException {
        PdfIndirectReference refs[] new PdfIndirectReference[kids.size()];
        for (int k = 0; k < refs.length; ++k)
            refs[k= writer.getPdfIndirectReference();
        int ptr = 0;
        int count = 0;
        for (Iterator<HashMap<String, Object>> it = kids.listIterator(); it.hasNext(); ++ptr) {
            HashMap<String, Object> map = it.next();
            Object lower[] null;
            List<HashMap<String, Object>> subKid = (List<HashMap<String, Object>>)map.get("Kids");
            if (subKid != null && !subKid.isEmpty())
                lower = iterateOutlines(writer, refs[ptr], subKid, namedAsNames);
            PdfDictionary outline = new PdfDictionary();
            ++count;
            if (lower != null) {
                outline.put(PdfName.FIRST, (PdfIndirectReference)lower[0]);
                outline.put(PdfName.LAST, (PdfIndirectReference)lower[1]);
                int n = ((Integer)lower[2]).intValue();
                if ("false".equals(map.get("Open"))) {
                    outline.put(PdfName.COUNT, new PdfNumber(-n));
                }
                else {
                    outline.put(PdfName.COUNT, new PdfNumber(n));
                    count += n;
                }
            }
            outline.put(PdfName.PARENT, parent);
            if (ptr > 0)
                outline.put(PdfName.PREV, refs[ptr - 1]);
            if (ptr < refs.length - 1)
                outline.put(PdfName.NEXT, refs[ptr + 1]);
            outline.put(PdfName.TITLE, new PdfString((String)map.get("Title"), PdfObject.TEXT_UNICODE));
            String color = (String)map.get("Color");
            if (color != null) {
                try {
                    PdfArray arr = new PdfArray();
                    StringTokenizer tk = new StringTokenizer(color);
                    for (int k = 0; k < 3; ++k) {
                        float f = Float.parseFloat(tk.nextToken());
                        if (f < 0f = 0;
                        if (f > 1f = 1;
                        arr.add(new PdfNumber(f));
                    }
                    outline.put(PdfName.C, arr);
                catch(Exception e){} //in case it's malformed
            }
            String style = (String)map.get("Style");
            if (style != null) {
                style = style.toLowerCase();
                int bits = 0;
                if (style.indexOf("italic">= 0)
                    bits |= 1;
                if (style.indexOf("bold">= 0)
                    bits |= 2;
                if (bits != 0)
                    outline.put(PdfName.F, new PdfNumber(bits));
            }
            createOutlineAction(outline, map, writer, namedAsNames);
            writer.addToBody(outline, refs[ptr]);
        }
        return new Object[]{refs[0], refs[refs.length - 1], Integer.valueOf(count)};
    }

    /**
     * Exports the bookmarks to XML. Only of use if the generation is to be include in
     * some other XML document.
     @param list the bookmarks
     @param out the export destination. The writer is not closed
     @param indent the indentation level. Pretty printing significant only
     @param onlyASCII codes above 127 will always be escaped with &amp;#nn; if <CODE>true</CODE>,
     * whatever the encoding
     @throws IOException on error
     @since 5.0.1 (generic type in signature)
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public static void exportToXMLNode(List<HashMap<String, Object>> list, Writer out, int indent, boolean onlyASCIIthrows IOException {
        String dep = "";
        for (int k = 0; k < indent; ++k)
            dep += "  ";
        for (HashMap<String, Object> map : list) {
            String title = null;
            out.write(dep);
            out.write("<Title ");
            List<HashMap<String, Object>> kids = null;
            for (Map.Entry<String, Object> entry : map.entrySet()) {
                String key = entry.getKey();
                if (key.equals("Title")) {
                    title = (Stringentry.getValue();
                    continue;
                }
                else if (key.equals("Kids")) {
                    kids = (List<HashMap<String, Object>>entry.getValue();
                    continue;
                }
                else {
                    out.write(key);
                    out.write("=\"");
                    String value = (Stringentry.getValue();
                    if (key.equals("Named"|| key.equals("NamedN"))
                        value = SimpleNamedDestination.escapeBinaryString(value);
                    out.write(SimpleXMLParser.escapeXML(value, onlyASCII));
                    out.write("\" ");
                }
            }
            out.write(">");
            if (title == null)
                title = "";
            out.write(SimpleXMLParser.escapeXML(title, onlyASCII));
            if (kids != null) {
                out.write("\n");
                exportToXMLNode(kids, out, indent + 1, onlyASCII);
                out.write(dep);
            }
            out.write("</Title>\n");
        }
    }

    /**
     * Exports the bookmarks to XML. The DTD for this XML is:
     <p>
     <pre>
     * &lt;?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?&gt;
     * &lt;!ELEMENT Title (#PCDATA|Title)*&gt;
     * &lt;!ATTLIST Title
     *    Action CDATA #IMPLIED
     *    Open CDATA #IMPLIED
     *    Page CDATA #IMPLIED
     *    URI CDATA #IMPLIED
     *    File CDATA #IMPLIED
     *    Named CDATA #IMPLIED
     *    NamedN CDATA #IMPLIED
     *    NewWindow CDATA #IMPLIED
     *    Style CDATA #IMPLIED
     *    Color CDATA #IMPLIED
     * &gt;
     * &lt;!ELEMENT Bookmark (Title)*&gt;
     </pre>
     @param list the bookmarks
     @param out the export destination. The stream is not closed
     @param encoding the encoding according to IANA conventions
     @param onlyASCII codes above 127 will always be escaped with &amp;#nn; if <CODE>true</CODE>,
     * whatever the encoding
     @throws IOException on error
     @since 5.0.1 (generic type in signature)
     */
    public static void exportToXML(List<HashMap<String, Object>> list, OutputStream out, String encoding, boolean onlyASCIIthrows IOException {
        String jenc = IanaEncodings.getJavaEncoding(encoding);
        Writer wrt = new BufferedWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(out, jenc));
        exportToXML(list, wrt, encoding, onlyASCII);
    }

    /**
     * Exports the bookmarks to XML.
     @param list the bookmarks
     @param wrt the export destination. The writer is not closed
     @param encoding the encoding according to IANA conventions
     @param onlyASCII codes above 127 will always be escaped with &amp;#nn; if <CODE>true</CODE>,
     * whatever the encoding
     @throws IOException on error
     @since 5.0.1 (generic type in signature)
     */
    public static void exportToXML(List<HashMap<String, Object>> list, Writer wrt, String encoding, boolean onlyASCIIthrows IOException {
        wrt.write("<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"");
        wrt.write(SimpleXMLParser.escapeXML(encoding, onlyASCII));
        wrt.write("\"?>\n<Bookmark>\n");
        exportToXMLNode(list, wrt, 1, onlyASCII);
        wrt.write("</Bookmark>\n");
        wrt.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Import the bookmarks from XML.
     @param in the XML source. The stream is not closed
     @throws IOException on error
     @return the bookmarks
     */
    public static List<HashMap<String, Object>> importFromXML(InputStream inthrows IOException {
        SimpleBookmark book = new SimpleBookmark();
        SimpleXMLParser.parse(book, in);
        return book.topList;
    }

    /**
     * Import the bookmarks from XML.
     @param in the XML source. The reader is not closed
     @throws IOException on error
     @return the bookmarks
     */
    public static List<HashMap<String, Object>> importFromXML(Reader inthrows IOException {
        SimpleBookmark book = new SimpleBookmark();
        SimpleXMLParser.parse(book, in);
        return book.topList;
    }

    public void endDocument() {
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public void endElement(String tag) {
        if (tag.equals("Bookmark")) {
            if (attr.isEmpty())
                return;
            else
                throw new RuntimeException(MessageLocalization.getComposedMessage("bookmark.end.tag.out.of.place"));
        }
        if (!tag.equals("Title"))
            throw new RuntimeException(MessageLocalization.getComposedMessage("invalid.end.tag.1", tag));
        HashMap<String, Object> attributes = attr.pop();
        String title = (String)attributes.get("Title");
        attributes.put("Title",  title.trim());
        String named = (String)attributes.get("Named");
        if (named != null)
            attributes.put("Named", SimpleNamedDestination.unEscapeBinaryString(named));
        named = (String)attributes.get("NamedN");
        if (named != null)
            attributes.put("NamedN", SimpleNamedDestination.unEscapeBinaryString(named));
        if (attr.isEmpty())
            topList.add(attributes);
        else {
            HashMap<String, Object> parent = attr.peek();
            List<HashMap<String, Object>> kids = (List<HashMap<String, Object>>)parent.get("Kids");
            if (kids == null) {
                kids = new ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>>();
                parent.put("Kids", kids);
            }
            kids.add(attributes);
        }
    }

    public void startDocument() {
    }

    public void startElement(String tag, Map<String, String> h) {
        if (topList == null) {
            if (tag.equals("Bookmark")) {
                topList = new ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>>();
                return;
            }
            else
                throw new RuntimeException(MessageLocalization.getComposedMessage("root.element.is.not.bookmark.1", tag));
        }
        if (!tag.equals("Title"))
            throw new RuntimeException(MessageLocalization.getComposedMessage("tag.1.not.allowed", tag));
        HashMap<String, Object> attributes = new HashMap<String, Object>(h);
        attributes.put("Title""");
        attributes.remove("Kids");
        attr.push(attributes);
    }

    public void text(String str) {
        if (attr.isEmpty())
            return;
        HashMap<String, Object> attributes = attr.peek();
        String title = (String)attributes.get("Title");
        title += str;
        attributes.put("Title", title);
    }
}