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 No SQL > Mongo DB > How to Update Document

How to Update Document 

MongoDB is a scalable, high-performance, open source NoSQL database. It offers Ad hoc queries, Indexing, Replication, Load balancing, File storage (GridFS), Aggregation, MapReduce and Server-side JavaScript execution. This requires the library mongo-2.8.0.jar to be present in the classpath. The following example shows how to update a document in Mongo database.

File Name  :  
com/bethecoder/tutorials/mongodb/tests/UpdateCollectionTest.java 
Author  :  Sudhakar KV
Email  :  kvenkatasudhakar@gmail.com
   
package com.bethecoder.tutorials.mongodb.tests;

import java.net.UnknownHostException;

import com.mongodb.BasicDBObject;
import com.mongodb.DB;
import com.mongodb.DBCollection;
import com.mongodb.DBCursor;
import com.mongodb.DBObject;
import com.mongodb.Mongo;
import com.mongodb.MongoException;

public class UpdateCollectionTest {

  /**
   @param args
   */
  public static void main(String[] args) {

    try {
      //Connect to mongoDB with given IP and PORT
      Mongo mongo = new Mongo("localhost"27017);
      
      //Get the database object
      DB database = mongo.getDB("mytestdb");
      
      //Gets a collection with a given name.
        //If the collection does not exist, a new collection is created.
      DBCollection collection = database.getCollection("students");
      
      //List collection before update
      listAll(collection);
      
      //Update the old document with new document
      DBObject query = new BasicDBObject().append("name""Sudhakar");
      DBObject newDocument = new BasicDBObject();
      newDocument.put("name""Venkata Sudhakar");
      newDocument.put("mobile""987654321");
      
      //This method updates only the first document matching criteria
      collection.update(query, newDocument);
      
      System.out.println();
      System.out.println();
      
      //List collection after update
      listAll(collection);
      
    catch (UnknownHostException e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    catch (MongoException e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }
  
  private static void listAll(DBCollection collection) {
    //Queries for all objects in this collection
    DBCursor dbCursor = collection.find();
    DBObject record = null;
    
    while (dbCursor.hasNext()) {
      record = dbCursor.next();
      System.out.println(record);
    }
  }
}
   

It gives the following output,
{ "_id" : { "$oid" : "503cb40842e25ce7a11a8005"} , 
	"name" : "Sriram" , "age" : 2}
{ "_id" : { "$oid" : "503cb40842e25ce7a11a8006"} , 
	"name" : "Sudhakar" , "age" : 29 , "mobile" : "123456789"}


{ "_id" : { "$oid" : "503cb40842e25ce7a11a8005"} , 
	"name" : "Sriram" , "age" : 2}
{ "_id" : { "$oid" : "503cb40842e25ce7a11a8006"} , 
	"name" : "Venkata Sudhakar" , "mobile" : "987654321"}


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